Step 2: Select the Limitation
Epilepsy / Seizure Disorder
Epilepsy is a chronic, neurological condition characterized by recurrent seizures. A seizure happens when abnormal electrical activity in the brain causes an involuntary change in body movement or function, sensation, awareness, or behavior (CDC, 2012). Seizures can vary from a momentary disruption of the senses to short periods of unconsciousness or staring spells to convulsions, and some people have only one type of seizure, while others have more than one type (CDC, 2012). The term epilepsy can be used interchangeably with the term seizure disorder; epilepsy is a chronic condition and cannot be transmitted from person to person (CDC, 2012). Having a seizure does not necessarily mean that a person has epilepsy. Only when a person has experienced two or more seizures is s/he considered to have epilepsy (NINDS, 2011). Epilepsy affects about 2.3 million adults in the United States, with approximately 150,000 new cases reported yearly (CDC, 2013).
Accommodations are evaluated on a case-by-case basis. We have compiled a non-inclusive list of limitations that result in common accommodation situations. In addition, you can find more information at JAN's A to Z Web page at: http://askjan.org/media/atoz.htm.
- Individual has difficulty with cognitive impairments (memory, time management, stress management).
- Individual has difficulty with motor impairments (driving, balancing/climbing, fatigue, safety).
- Individual has difficulty with sensory impairments (photosensitivity, see / hear / communicate).
- Individual has difficulty with attendance / absenteeism or personal care.