Step 2: Select the Limitation
There are several types of heart conditions. Heart valve abnormalities, congenital heart disease, congestive heart failure, enlarged heart, murmurs, hypertension, marfan syndrome, and rheumatic fever may also contribute to a heart condition. Congenital cardiovascular defects, present in about one percent of live births, may be other causes. Each type of heart condition has its own set of indicators and most symptoms could be caused by other conditions. Also, some heart conditions may have no noticeable effects and may develop differently in women than in men. Women's symptoms may progress over a much longer period of time and also be subtler than men's symptoms. Men over 45 years old and woman over 55 years old, or women who have passed menopause or had their ovaries removed have a greater chance of being diagnosed with heart conditions. Looking at specific age groups, cardiovascular disease from a heart condition is the number one disease affecting individuals age 65 and older, second for ages 25 through 64, third for ages zero through 14, and fifth for ages 15 through 24. One in five males and females are affected: one in three men and one in 10 women. Depending upon what type of heart condition an individual has, surgery, drugs, exercise, diet modification, or a transplant may be options.
Accommodations are evaluated on a case-by-case basis. We have compiled a non-inclusive list of limitations that result in common accommodation situations. In addition, you can find more information at JAN's A to Z Web page at: http://askjan.org/media/atoz.htm.
- Individual needs medical treatment allowances.
- Individual is prone to seizures and blackouts.
- Individual has gross motor limitations.
- Individual experiences fatigue and weakness.